The speed of renewable energy generation increases gradually every year, especially in highly developed countries.
It is a fact of common knowledge that Europe has almost accomplished its plan on reaching sustainable development momentum, considering the number of alternative energy facilities, “green” agendas and eco-friendly lifestyle. One of the recent plans, announced by European Coal, European Climate Foundation, is a 40% share of solar and wind power in overall energy balance by 2020, with simultaneous decline of coal mining. The restructure of energy production underlines great insistence in green future for both, the entire Old World and apart cities.
Speaking of the cities, some of them can boast of performed steps forward already and, therefore, are worth getting a title of the greenest ones.
Most of them are located in Northern Europe.
- Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden and the best example of urban sustainability at the moment. Thanks to decades of thorough and accurate urban planning, to date the Swedish might enjoy benefits of alternative energy facilities, vast areas of community landscape and balanced electricity system. Malmö hosts the third biggest wind park in the world, but even this achievement could not but encourage further improvements; specifically, local authorities are eager to gain climate neutrality of all work processes by 2020. As one could guess, the idea of sustainable development embraced every part of city life: economy, industries, social advancement, culture, etc.
- Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, is a world-known leader in struggle with climate change. Wind turbines are likely to be the most valuable invented technology among those in renewable energy, as they cover most of the coastline. One more vivid feature about Denmark is bicycles, or their massive usage and distribution. At present, it is the primary transport option for nearly 30% of the Danes, but national agenda is focused on bigger share– 50% by 2015.
- In 2010 the honor of being European Green Capital was received by Stockholm. Besides massive adherence to green technologies, local authorities have done much for environmental protection. Stockholm is abundant in water areas and pools, which have experienced numerous cleaning measures since 1960. As a result, today the Swedish may not be afraid of eating salmons, caught in urban rivers.
- Next year the title of European Green Capital was passed to Hamburg, famous industrial leader in Germany. In contrast, the project of Hamburh-HafenCity (featuring reconstruction of the city district in correspondence to sustainable urban planning) has invested a lot in popularization of green living. More than 1500 square km of renovated former industrial sites are filled with houses, shops, parks, leisure centers and other amenities now. Being one of the busiest ports of European industry, Hamburg chases big plans for the “greening” of work processes.
- Munich is one more German city, which might become an image of ecofriendly livelihood. StadtwerkeMünchen, urban provider of community services, announced its goal to make Munich the greenest city in Germany by 2040. It was one of the first cities to take up the call to fight global warming very seriously. Not surprisingly, the idea to divert the system of central heating on renewable power completely originated here
Guest post by Maria Kruk, an author for Patentsbase.com